House of Normandy

The House of Normandy, occasionally known as the House of Longsword, had Norwegian Viking roots and took the throne of England by conquest at the momentous Battle of Hastings in 1066, when they displaced the ancient line of native Saxon kings of the House of Wessex, which had ruled England since 827A.D.

The reign of William I, thereafter known as the Conqueror was stark and ruthless, a time of subjection for the English people.

The Norman Kings of England

The dynasty lasted for three generations, through the reigns of William's two sons, William II (1087-1100) and Henry I (1100-1135), both of whom were strong and efficient rulers. Civil war engulfed England as two of his grandchildren, Stephen (1135-54) (the son of the Conqueror's youngest daughter Adela) and Matilda (only legitimate daughter of his youngest son Henry I) became locked in a bitter struggle for the English crown. Leading to a Civil War known as the Anarchy, which lasted for nineteen years, described by those who endured it as a time when "Christ and his saints slept". The dynasty of Norman kings ended on the death of King Stephen in 1154, who by the terms of the Treaty of Wallingford was succeeded by the Empress Matilda's son, Henry Plantagenet.


Monarch Born Reign Married
William I
the Conqueror
1028, son of
Robert, Duke of Normandy
& Arlette of
Falaise
1066-1087 Matilda of Flanders
William II
Rufus
circa 1056
son of William I
and Matilda of Flanders
1087-1100
Henry I circa 1068,
son of William I
& Matilda of Flanders
1100-1135 (1)Matilda of Scotland
(2) Adelicia of Louvain
King Stephen circa 1096
son of
Stephen, Count of Blois
and Adela of Normandy
1135-54 Matilda of Boulogne
Matilda 1102
daughter of
Henry I
& Edith of Scotland
1141 Geoffrey Plantagenet
Count of Anjou

Dukes of Normandy Robert 'the Devil' Battle of Hastings A tour of Hastings
Battlefield
Odo Bishop of
Bayeux
Domesday Book Hereward
the Wake
Morcar of
Northumbria
Waltheof of
Northumbria
Gospatric,
Earl of Northumbria

Robert Curthose William Peverel
The Battle
of Tinchebray
William the
Atheling
William Clito Robert of Bellême
Robert of
Gloucester
The Battle of Lincoln Rout of
Winchester
Tower of London
Genealogical Tables Richard De Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, 'Strongbow'